Burkina Faso, Part 2

October 28 – November 5, 2014

Using Power – – – Building Global Community

Yes, I’m obsessed, I suppose with the many faces of power as it relates to creating Global Community.    It seems so obvious to me that we are a Global Community – whether or not we want to be  – – – – and that, collectively we have the opportunity to create a community that actually works for all.  We stand on the precipice of creating a new way to “BE TOGETHER.”  It is breathtaking!

In the previous post we saw the power of position – of Blaise Compaore, the (now ex) President of Burkina Faso and his party.  We saw the power of protestors.   And now we will see various faces of power as the work of the transitional government unfolds.  We will see what opportunities for the people to be heard are created – or not – and how creative and courageous citizens will – or will not- step up to express their ideas and lead where they can.

Meanwhile, other faces of power continue to be generated – – without fanfare – -power that is inclusive and expansive. Some of these are what we got to engage on our last day in Burkina Faso.

On Tuesday, Nov. 4, We had lunch with Claudine, along with Josephine and Edith.  These three and other professional women founded AProFEn, an NGO that works to improve the health, education and economic conditions for women and children.

There is real power here – available to all of us – BUT – we have to recognize it and use it.    These women recognized that they were privileged.  They had the opportunity for education, training, travel and they wanted to “give back” to their communities.  They now provide training to village women who have not had these opportunities.  They support these village women in creating projects through which they recognize their own power to improve their lives and life in their community.    

In 2009 I met Claudine when she was a Humphrey Fellow at the University of Washington.  This is a way we can increase our power.   Any education or training increases both our competence and confidence, which also increases our credibility with others.

The young woman across from Jim in the picture above, Frankline, was selected in 2013 as one of Africa’s Most Outstanding Emerging Women Leaders, by the MoremI Initiative for Women’s Leadership in Africa.   Claudine was selected by the US Embassy in Burkina Faso to mentor this young woman. Here is another source of power – both for Frankline, and for Claudine.  Collaborating and supporting one another increases our power exponentially.

Below, Claudine and Frankline stand in front of the building Claudine is having constructed for the future home of AProFEn.  Every month she commits a portion of her salary at the World Health Organization to continue the construction.   The facility will house space for training young women in traditional crafts such as weaving and making soap as well as a room in the front where their products will be sold.  Passion and Vision are major sources of power.

Also on this bountiful last day in Burkina Faso, we visited the Cultural Affairs Officer at the US Embassy.  The Embassy has provided some grant money for the training AProFEn is doing, and the officer was encouraging Claudine to explore other grant possibilities open to alums of the Humphrey Program.  There you go – networking and taking time to build relationships with others is yet another source of power.

Finally, as we enjoyed an amazing sunset on our last day here – yes, it seemed especially symbolic –  we had the opportunity to meet the rest of Claudine’s family:  her son, (another son is away at school)  her two daughters, and her husband.


Angeles Arrien, one of my heroes, taught that there were always two plans for every day – her plan, and God’s plan.  That certainly applies to our experience in Burkina Faso.  I had a plan – Claudine and I.   It was a good one.    However, the plan that played out has brought new understanding, new insight, new perspectives.  The experience intensified my belief that (com)passion and vision are enormous sources of power – – – the kind of power that lights up the room, the kind that is inclusive and expansive.   Consider the power of the AProFEn women in the following story.

Recognizing that if women in the village were to feel free to participate in the training AProFEn could provide, the professional women in Association knew they needed to gain the blessing of the Chief.  They enlisted a young man from the village who was highly regarded and who could coach them on key norms and expectations.  They learned that as guests, they were supposed to be the first to introduce the subject of their visit – but only after drinking water was served which was a sign of acceptance and welcome, and after the Chief authorized that we could speak.

Claudine notes:  “At this time, as the lead of our group, I left my chair to sit down on the ground, a sign of humility and respect to the elders who composed the group of the Chief. This was a very surprising but appreciated action, since none of the group believed that, ‘we, women from the town’ would accept to sit down directly on the ground and to get dirty. But this was the ultimate and fundamental behavior we needed to adopt to immediately mark points, and it was done.”

The group explained their aims, which were to empower the whole village, even though they would be working with women.  They articulated their intention that working with women did not mean working against men, rather “empowering men through women.”  They conveyed their conviction that the entire village would benefit from the training that the village women would receive.

They clearly stated that they sought strong commitment, protection and support of men in the village in order for their work to be successful and concluded, “We seek authorization and recognition of who has the incontestable right and power.  Because like a well-known proverb in our setting:  ‘No stranger should show up without authorization or permission of whom may give it.’ “

These women knew the meaning of interdependence.  They demonstrated inclusive,  expansive power!    They gained the trust of the Chief.  They gained his respect  ~ and he responded by entering into partnership with them by giving them land on which they could construct a building for their training.  They reveal the power of partnership, power that engages others and expands the potential creativity and energy.

Global Community will be created as we weave together the unique strengths of every culture, when we grow beyond current assumptions of “power over” one another, and engage the potential of “power with” one another.  Bill Easterly, economics professor at NYU, challenges us to move beyond the prevailing stereotypes of “wise technocrats from the West and helpless victims from the Rest.”  (The Tyranny of Experts)

Creating Global Community requires embracing new understanding of power and deeper understanding of leadership.  The vision of what this looks like is all around us, as we can see from the examples above.  It is encompassed in Nelson Mandela’s description of how the chief of his village invited all (men) to gather when a decision needed to be made that would affect all.  The chief’s job was to convene, listen, and learn.  (The Long Road to Freedom)

The vision is reflected in the wisdom of the African women in the story above who sought out the tribal chief, and the chief who responded to their initiative.

Arriving in Burkina Faso on the eve of massive resistance to a  “power over” regime,  and concluding our journey at the future home of AProFEn which represents a very different, a very generative sort of power – was an incredible experience for me.  It both challenges and inspires me – – – to continue to nurture “global community.”







Burkina Faso, Part 1

October 28 – November 5, 2014

The many faces of Power 

As we prepared for moving on to Burkina Faso, our final destination on this incredible journey, it was time to focus once again on the purpose of the trip:

. . . . .to contribute to our world an energy and wisdom that seems most needed at this time in our collective experience – feminine energy and feminine leadership, and – to deepen my relationships with three women whom I have come to know and to love – Claudine, Weub and Betty.

I have to say – it took me while to comprehend the irony of this intention – in contrast to the actual events that confronted us as we arrived in Ouagadougou, the capital of this West African country.  You will see what I mean as this story unfolds.  I invite you to reflect on the many meanings and sources of power.

In the photo above Claudine stands beside weaving looms at the site where she is gradually having a building constructed that will house AProFEn, the NGO she and other professional colleagues founded and which she has been leading since 2004.  She describes her objective in this way, “My intention is to build worldwide active awareness through sustainable projects and programs led by women for women.”

However, it was only on the 8th day after we arrived in Ouagadougou that we had the opportunity to spend much time with Claudine as our arrival in Burkina Faso coincided with a revolution in that country.   This BLOG post will focus on our first 7 days in Burkina Faso.   A following post will share our final day.

On Tuesday, October  28th we arrived in Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso, about 2:00 in the afternoon. Knowing before we made our decision to proceed with our plans – that there was “political unrest” in the country – in no way prepared us for what we were about to experience.    Claudine met us at the airport and drove us directly to her office at the World Health Organization, explaining that this was the only place where she knew she could provide cold water for us to drink. The streets were deserted.  Government offices, schools and universities were closed for the week, as were banks and most other businesses, large and small.   The Marketplace was empty.   Yes, it was tense, almost like everyone was holding their breath.

The Burkina Faso Parliament was scheduled to vote on Thursday, October 30th, on a Constitutional Amendment initiated by President Blaise Compaore that would enable him to be elected to as many as three more five-year terms.  His claim that he needed time to build strong institutions only angered the people in Burkina Faso, who have seen no improvement in their country during the 27 years Compaore has already been president. Burkina Faso is ranked 181st out of 187th on the United Nations Human Development Index.  http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/table-1-human-development-index-and-its-components

Following a drink of cold water (most welcome) and the opportunity to meet Josephine and Edith, who participated in Claudine’s Conversation in the Developing Women’s Leadership Project, https://www.womenleadingtheway.com/womens-leadership-project.html, Claudine took us to our Guest House.

On Wednesday, despite the tensions, Claudine was able to pick us up and take us for lunch – a chance for  “catch up” conversation and thinking through plans for our time in Burkina Faso,  recognizing that flexibility would be  essential and that forces beyond our control would be playing a big part in our lives during this part of the trip.

On Thursday we were advised by both Claudine and the US State Department, as well as the staff at our Guest House – to “stay put.”  The State Department terminology:  “Shelter in Place.”    Thousands marched in the streets protesting the planned Parliamentary vote scheduled for 10 AM.

One of the other travelers staying at the Guest House, Christopher, a videographer from the University of Rome, was in Ouagadougou to document a conference on African Innovations in Agriculture.  The conference was cancelled.  He was there.  He had a press pass.   So at 5:00 on Thursday morning he, and a local professional with whom he contracted went out to see, and record, what was going on in the city.

Around noon they returned, Christopher was quite shaken.  Some protesters had insisted he take his camera and be at the front of the march, which was not what he wanted to do – and did not do.  As he reviewed his videos, however – and shared them with those of us at the Guest House – he settled and continued to go out each morning for several days. One protester he interviewed explained that Compaore had been president ever since he was born and was only interested in expanding his own power, not in helping to address the high prices, low wages, lack of jobs and persistent poverty in their country.  The young man (60% of the population of this country is under 25 years of age.) said, “I am a father.”  We need a new leader.  I do not want to leave this problem to my son’s generation to solve.”    Thousands and thousands of citizens marched to demonstrate their commitment to a change –  a different kind of power.

The picture below, from an article by Penelope Starr, author for UN Dispatch,  reveals the magnitude  of the protest.


Determined to stop the Parliamentary vote, protesters burned the Parliament Building, a hotel where Parliament members were staying, the national assembly building, cars, tires, and other targeted locations.

Friday – “Shelter in Place” – remained the message.  A curfew was imposed:  7 PM – 6 AM.

On Saturday – Claudine, and her daughter, Djamila, came to our Guest House, and, with Djamila driving, took us out to see some parts of the city.  It was relatively quiet, though the damage from Thursday was evident.  We hoped by the next day we could go to the village in Bouslin where Claudine and her colleagues work with the local women providing training on sanitation, health, and economic matters.


However, by Sunday – the question of who would take over the government of this country prompted chaos and more rallies, At one point both a former leader of the Opposition and the former Defense Minister turned up at the state broadcasting headquarters, separately- each to announce that s/he would head the transition government.  Shortly after they arrived, gunfire broke out and both the staff and protesters ran away.  Because there were also rallies at other cities outside of the capital, it was not safe for us to go to the village of Boulsin.  This was a major disappointment for me as Claudine and I had hoped to explore the possibility that women in this village could learn from Alaffia how they formed a Cooperative in Togo.  The folks in that Cooperative provide shea butter that is used by Alaffia in producing a variety of cosmetics in their plant in Olympia.  Though more challenging to do this using email and SKYPE rather than face-to-face, we will continue to examine this possibility.  “Shelter in Place” remained the instructions of the day.

Monday – Jim and I ventured out to visit the Artisan center.  This delightful place houses a vast variety of African crafts – such as metal work, baskets, woven scarves, leather –  with the artists doing their work on site.     Though the curfew had been changed to 10:00 PM – 6:00 AM, the airport remained closed. Turkish Airlines cancelled our flight – – no word to us, the travelers.  Other airlines changed their flights from night arrivals and departures to mid day – because of the curfew.   Turkish Airlines did not.  I will avoid this airline in the future.  We found them completely unresponsive, basically leaving us stranded in Burkina Faso.  A week after we had returned to Seattle, Turkish Airline flights to Burkina Faso were still cancelled.    Jim was able to get a ticket from Ouagadougou to Addis Ababa and then on to Istanbul, Los Angeles and Seattle.

Tuesday was a busy and very meaningful day.  We consolidated many of the activities Claudine had planned for ten days – into this one day:  lunch with Edith and Josephine who were part of the Conversation, and Frankline, a recognized young African leader who Claudine was chosen to mentor, a visit with the Cultural Affairs Officer at the US Embassy, a visit to the future home of AProFEn and a visit to Claudine’s home where we had the pleasure of meeting the rest of her family

Wednesday we left for airport around 9:30 – to begin our long (40 hours from the time we left Burkina Faso until we arrived in Seattle) and, thankfully uneventful trip home.

Look for more about Tuesday’s events and a story of real leadership, and a different form of power, on the next BLOG post.